South Africa

South Africa (officially, the Republic of South Africa) is a democratic country located at the southern-most point of Africa. Often termed the Rainbow Nation, our country embraces diversity; from the 52 million people representing a diversity of cultures, languages, religions and various origins to its rich fauna and flora. The country is bordered by Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

The information below is from SouthAfrica.net and more information can be found on their website.

Geography

Situated at the southern tip of Africa, South Africa has a landmass of 1 233 404 km² edged on 3 sides by a nearly 3000km coastline washed by the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic. Its neighbour countries are Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique, and two independent countries, the Lesotho and Swaziland, are found landlocked in South Africa.

Capitals
South Africa has 3 capitals: Cape Town (Legislative), Pretoria (Administrative) and Bloemfontein (Judicial).
 
Political system
South Africa, since 1994, has enjoyed democratic government, with the apartheid policies of the past overthrown. Our constitution is regarded as an example to the world, and enshrines a wide scope of human rights protected by an independent judiciary. The country is headed by a State President, Jacob Zuma, of the African National Congress (ANC).
 
Economy
South Africa has achieved steady economic growth in gross domestic product (GDP) since the late 90s. The country, regarded as an emerging market, has a well developed financial sector and active stock exchange. Financial policies have focused on building solid macroeconomic structures. The country’s central bank is the Reserve Bank.
 
Population
The South African population of more than 49m people is extremely diverse. Africans are in the majority, approx. 80% of the population, followed by the white population approx. 4,4m; the coloured population approx. 4,2 million and the Indian/Asian population at approx. 1,2m.
 
Communications
South Africa has a well-developed communications infrastructure. A number of cell-phone providers provide national coverage and there are well-established landline phone networks. Internet and Wi-Fi are easily accessible in most urban areas.
 
Provinces
There are 9 provinces in South Africa, namely: Eastern Cape, Free State, Western Cape, KwaZulu-Natal; Gauteng, North West, Northern Cape, Limpopo and Mpumalanga
 
 
Religions
Almost 80% of South Africa's population is Christian. Other major religious groups include Hindus, Muslims, Jews and Buddhists. A minority don't belong to any of the major religions. The Constitution guarantees freedom of choice of religion.
 
Animals and Plants
South Africa has been declared one of the 18 megadiverse destinations in the world. As a pioneer and leader in responsible tourism, South Africa has numerous conservation projects to protect its natural heritage. The country is home to the famous Big Five (rhino, elephant, lion, leopard and buffalo).
 
Airports
The 3 major international airports in South Africa are: OR Tambo International Airport (Johannesburg), Cape Town International Airport and King Shaka International Airport (Durban) as well as 90 regional airports.