What about feedback?

Feedback is:


“a process whereby learners obtain information about their work in order to appreciate the similarities and differences between the appropriate standards for any given work, and the qualities of the work itself, in order to generate improved work” Boud & Molloy, 2013:205


Feedback can have a significant influence on your students’ learning. It is key to formative assessment. Students are however often not satisfied with the feedback they receive and similarly lecturers are complaining that students do not use their feedback. Professor David Boud (watch he video for more) believes this could be due to misconceptions about feedback, and that it is not merely the lecturer providing information to the student. Feedback should be an active process on the part of the student – they need to act on the feedback and CHANGE.

7 Principles of good feedback

Nicol & Macfarlane-Dick (2006:205) suggest that good feedback practice:

1. helps clarify what good performance is (goals, criteria, expected standards);
2. facilitates the development of self-assessment (reflection) in learning;
3. delivers high quality information to students about their learning;
4. encourages teacher and peer dialogue around learning;
5. encourages positive motivational beliefs and self-esteem;
6. provides opportunities to close the gap between current and desired performance;
7. provides information to teachers that can be used to help shape teaching.