Publications

Scientific papers in peer reviewed journals
Books and chapters
Papers presented at International Symposia
Papers presented at National Symposia
In Press

All published works are listed alphabetically in reverse chronological order.  Only publications from 2013 onward are listed.  For older published works please contact Prof Hoffman (lch@sun.ac.za).

Scientific papers in peer reviewed journals

2018

Hoffman, L.C., Hildebrandt, W.R., & Leslie, A.J. (2018). Chemical composition of African savanna buffalo (Syncerus caffer) meat. African Journal of Wildlife Research, 48(1), https://doi.org/10.3957/056.048.013003

Cawthorn, D.-M., Fitzhenry, L.B., Muchenje, V., Bures, D., Kotrba, R.  & Hoffman, L.C., (2018) Physical quality attributes of male and female wild fallow deer (Dama dama) muscles. Meat Science, 137, 168-175.

Brand, T.S., Van Der Merwe, D.A., Hoffman, L.C. & Geldenhuys, G. (2018).The effect of dietary energy content on quality characteristics of Boer goat meat. Meat Science, 139, 74-81.

van den Honert, M.S., Gouws, P.A., Hoffman, L.C. (2018) Importance and implications of antibiotic resistance development in livestock and wildlife farming in South Africa: A Review. South African Journal of Animal Science, 48(3), 401-412.

Semwogerere, F., Neethling, J., Muchenje, V., Hoffman, L.C. (2018) Effects of production systems on the carcass and meat quality characteristics of spent laying hens. Poultry Science, 97(6), 1990-1997.

Kudrnacova, E., Barton, L., Bures, D. & Hoffman, L.C. (2018). Carcass and meat characteristics from farm-raised and wild fallow deer (Dama dama) and red deer (Cervus elaphus): A Review. Meat Science, 141, 9-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2018.02.020

von Durckheim, K.E.M., Hoffman, L.C., Leslie, A., Hensman, M.C., Hensman, S., Schultz, K. & Lee, S. (2018). African elephants (Loxodonta africana) display remarkable olfactory acuity in human scent matching to sample performance. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 200, 123-129.

Brand, T.S., van der Westhuizen, E.J., Van Der Merwe, D.A. & Hoffman, L.C. (2018). Analysis of carcass characteristics and fat deposition of Merino, South African Mutton Merino and Dorper lambs housed in a feedlot. South African Journal of Animal Science, 48(3), 477-488. https://doi.org/10,4314/sajas.v48i3.8

Bessa, L.W., Pieterse, E., Sigge, G. and Hoffman, L.C. (2018). Insects as Human Food; From Farm to Fork. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. https://doi:10.1002/jsfa.8860

Brand, T.S., Engelbrecht, J.A., van der Merwe, J. & Hoffman, L.C. (2018). Effects of varying sweet lupin dietary inclusion levels on feather classes, leather traits and meat composition of feedlot ostriches. South African Journal of Animal Science, 48(1), 186-197. https://doi.org/10.4314/sajas.v48i1.20

Brand, T.S., Engelbrecht, J.A., van der Merwe, J. & Hoffman, L.C. (2018). Feed preference of grower ostriches consuming diets differing in Lupinus angustifolius inclusion levels. South African Journal of Animal Science, 48(1), 170-185. https://doi.org/10.4314/sajas.v48i1.19

Brand, T.S., Viviers, S.F., van der Merwe, J. & Hoffman, L.C. (2018). The influence of different dietary energy concentrations on the production parameters of feedlot ostriches. South African Journal of Animal Science, 48(1), 162-169. https://doi.org/10.4314/sajas.v48i1.18

Erasmus, S.W., Muller, M., Butler, M. & Hoffman, L.C. (2018). The truth is in the isotopes: Authenticating regionally unique South African lamb. Food Chemistry, 239, 926-934

Shange, N., Makasi, T.N., Gouws, P.A. & Hoffman, L.C. (2018). The influence of normal and high ultimate muscle pH on the microbiology and colour stability of previously frozen black wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) meat. Meat Science, 135, 14-19

2017

Bosch, A.C., O’Neill, B., Kerwath, S.E., Sigge, G.O. & Hoffman, L.C. (2017). Metal concentrations and toxicity in South African snoek (Thyrsites atun) and yellowtail (Seriola lalandii). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 122(1-2), 360-365

Brand, T.S., Van Der Merwe, D.A., Swart, E. & Hoffman, L.C. (2017). Comparing the effect of age and dietary energy content on feedlot performance of Boer goats. Small Ruminant Research, 157, 40-46

Brand, T.S., Van Der Westhuizen, E.J., Van Der Merwe, D.A. & Hoffman, L.C. (2017). Effect of days in feedlot on the growth performance and carcass characteristics of Merino, South African Mutton Merino and Dorper lambs. South African Journal of Animal Science, 47(1), 26-33

Cawthorn, D.-M. & Hoffman, L.C. (2017). Deceit with decapods? Evaluating labelling accuracy of crustacean products in South Africa. Food Control, 73 Part B, 741-753

Chakanya, C., Arnaud, E., Muchenje, V. & Hoffman, L.C. (2017). Colour and oxidative stability of mince produced from fresh and frozen/thawed fallow deer (Dama dama) meat. Meat Science, 126, 63-72

Chingala, G., Mapiye, C., Raffrenato, E., Hoffman, L.C. & Dzama, K.  (2017). Determinants of smallholder farmers’ perceptions of impact of climate change on beef production in Malawi. Climate Change, 142(1), 129-141

Chingala, G., Raffrenato, E., Dzama, K., Hoffman, L.C. & Mapiye, C. (2017). Towards a regional beef carcass classification system for Southern Africa. South African Journal of Animal Science, 47(4), 408-423

Erasmus, S.W. & Hoffman, L.C. (2017). What is meat in South Africa? Animal Frontiers7(4), 71-75

Erasmus, S.W., Muller, M., Alewijn, M., Koot, A.H., Van Ruth, S.M. & Hoffman, L.C. (2017). Proton-transfer reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) for the authentication of regionally unique South African lamb. Food Chemistry, 233, 331-342

Erasmus, S.W., Muller, M. & Hoffman, L.C. (2017). Authentic sheep meat in the European Union: Factors influencing and validating its unique quality. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 97(7), 1979–1996

Henning, S.S. & Hoffman, L.C. (2017). Proximate and fatty acid composition of cooked South African Cape snoek (Thyrsites atun).  South African Journal of Science,  113(5/6), 1-4

Jones, M., Arnaud, E., Gouws, P. & Hoffman, L.C. (2017). Processing of South African biltong – A review. South African Journal of Science,  47(6), 743-757

Needham, T., Hoffman, L.C. & Gous, R.M. (2017). Growth responses of entire and immunocastrated male pigs to dietary protein with and without ractopamine hydrochloride. Animal,  20, 1-6

Needham, T., Lambrechts, H. & Hoffman, L.C. (2017). Castration of male livestock and the potential of immunocastration to improve animal welfare and production traits: Invited review. South African Journal of Science,  47(6), 731-742

North M.K., Nkhabutlane P., Hoffman L.C. (2017). The effect of age on the carcass composition, portion yield and proximate composition of two rabbit genetic types in South Africa.  World Rabbit Science25, 281-288

North, M.K. & Hoffman, L.C.  (2017). Effect of sex and muscle on the fiber-type composition and cross-sectional area of springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) muscle. Meat and Muscle Biology, 1, 28-34

O’Neill, B., Bosch, A.C., Kerwath, S.E., Sigge, G.O. & Hoffman, L.C. (2017). Presence, concentration and trends of metals: A baseline study of blacktail (Diplodus sargus capensis) and hottentot (Pachymetopon blochii) along the South African coastline. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 121(1-2), 352-356

Rufina, C.C., Hoffman, L.C., Opara, U.L., O’Neill, B. & Stander, M.A. (2017). Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and Organochlorinated Pesticides (OCPs) in yellowtail (Seriola lalandi) from three spatially distinct locations along the coast of South Africa: Levels, sources and fish size effect. Journal of Food Processing & Technology, 8(1), 644-651

2016

Bosch, A.C., O’Neill, B., Sigge, G.O., Kerwath, S.E. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). Mercury accumulation in Yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) with regards to muscle type, muscle position and fish size. Food Chemistry, 190, 351-356

Bosch, A.C., O’Neill, B., Sigge, G.O., Kerwatch, S.E. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). Heavy metal accumulation and toxicity in smoothhound (Mustelus mustelus) shark from Langebaan Lagoon, South Africa. Food Chemistry, 190, 871-878

Bosch, A.C., O’Neill, B., Sigge, G.O., Kerwath, S.E. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). Heavy metals in marine fish meat and consumer health: A review. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 96(1), 32-48

Brand, T.S., Van Der Westhuizen, E.J., Van Der Merwe, D.A. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). The effect of the days in feedlot on the growth performance and carcass characteristics of Merino, South African Mutton Merino and Dorper lambs. South African Journal of Animal Science, 46(4)

Chakanya, C., Dokora, A., Muchenje, V. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). The fallow deer (Dama spp.); endangered or not? Der Zoologische Garten, 85(3-4), 160-172 

Cawthorn, D.-M. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). Controversial cuisine: A global account of the demand, supply and acceptance of “unconventional” and “exotic” meats. Meat Science, 120, 19-36

Erasmus, S.W., Muller, M., Van Der Rijst, M. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). Stable isotope ratio analysis: A potential analytical tool for the authentication of South African lamb meat. Food Chemistry, 192, 997-1005

Erasmus, S.W., Hoffman, L.C., Muller, M. & Van Der Rijst, M. (2016). Variation in the sensory profile of South African Dorper lamb from extensive grazing systems. Small Ruminant Research, 144, 62-74

Geldenhuys, G., Muller, N., Frylinck, L. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). Post mortem rigor development in the Egyptian goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus) breast muscle (pectoralis): Factors which may effect the tenderness. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 96(1), 271-279

Geldenhuys, G., Hoffman, L.C. & Muller, N. (2016). The influence of post-mortem conditioning on the tenderness of Egyptian goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus) breast meat (M. pectoralis major). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 96(5), 1828-1835 

Geldenhuys, G., Muller, N. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). The influence of season on the sensory profile of Egyptian goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus) meat. Poultry Science, 95(9), 2174-2185

Henning, S.S., Tshalibe, P. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). Physico-chemical properties of reduced-fat beef species sausage with pork back fat replaced by pineapple dietary fibres and water. LWT – Food Science and Technology, 74, 92-98 

Hoffman, L.C., Geldenhuys, G. & Cawthorn, D.-M. (2016). Proximate and fatty acid composition of zebra (EQUUS quagga burchellii) muscle and subcutaneous fat. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 96(11), 3922-3927

Jama, N., Maphosa, V., Hoffman, L.C. & Muchenje, V. (2016). Effect of sex and time to slaughter (transportation and lairage duration) on the levels of cortisol, creatine kinase and subsequent relationship with pork quality. Meat Science, 116, 43-49

Knapp, J.L., Bridges, C.R., Krohn, J., Hoffman, L.C. & Auerswald, L. (2016). The effects of hypercapnia on the West Coast rock lobster (Jasus lalandii) through acute exposure to decreased seawater pH – Physiological and biochemical responses. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 476, 58-64

Laubscher, L.L., Hoffman, L.C., Pitts, N.I. & Raath, J.P. (2016). The effect of a slow-release formulation of Zuclopenthixol acetate (Acunil®) on captive blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus) behaviour and physiological response. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 47(2), 514-522. 

Neethling, J., Hoffman, L.C. & Muller, M. (2016). Factors influencing the flavour of game meat: A review. Meat Science, 113, 139-153

Neethling, N.E., Hoffman, L.C. & Suman, S.P. (2016). Color stability of three blesbok (Damaliscus pygargus phillipsi) muscles. Meat Science, 112, 133

Neethling, N.E., Suman, S.P., Sigge, G.O. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). Muscle-specific colour stability of blesbok (Damaliscus pygargus phillipsi) meat. Meat Science, 119, 69-79

Needham, T., Lambrechts, H. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). The influence of vaccination interval on growth, carcass traits and testicle parameters of immunocastrated ram lambs. Small Ruminant Research, 145, 53-57

Nkukwana, T.T., Muchenje, V., Masika, P.J., Pieterse, E., Hoffman, L.C. & Dzama, K. (2016).  Proximate composition and variation in colour, drip loss and pH of breast meat from broilers supplemented with Moringa oleifera leaf meal over time. Animal Production Science, 56(7), 1208-1216

North, M.K., Frylinck, L. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). The changes in springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) Longissimus thoracis et lumborum and Biceps Femoris muscles during the rigor period. Meat Science, 112, 24-30

O’Neill, B., Burke, A.B. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). Assessment and comparison of proximate, fatty acid and mineral composition of six edible portions of South African cultured yellowtail (Seriola lalandi). Aquaculture Research

Pieterse, E., Hoffman, L.C., Siebrits, F., Gloy, E. & Polawska, E. (2016). The effect of slaughter weight on the carcass characteristics of pork with sex type as a co-variable. Animal Production Science, 56(1), 55-60

Strydom, P., Lühl, J., Kahl, C. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). Comparison of shear force tenderness, drip and cooking loss, and ultimate muscle pH of the loin muscle among grass-fed steers of four major beef crosses slaughtered in Namibia. South African Journal of Animal Science, 46(4), 348-359

Swanepoel, M., Leslie, A.J. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). Comparative analyses of the chemical and sensory parameters and consumer preference of a semi-dried smoked meat product (cabanossi) produced with warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) and domestic pork meat. Meat Science, 114, 103-113

Swanepoel, M., Leslie, A.J. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). Farmers’ perceptions of the extra-limital common warthog in the Northern Cape and Free State Provinces, South Africa. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 40(1), 112-121

Swanepoel, M., Leslie, A.J., Van Der Rijst, M. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). Physical and chemical characteristics of warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) meat. African Journal of Wildlife Research, 46(2), 103-120

2015

Brand, T.S., Tesselaar, G.A., Hoffman, L.C. & Brand, Z. (2015). Effect of cottonseed oilcake as a protein source on production of breeding ostriches. British Poultry Science, 56, 325-329.

Cawthorn, D.-M., Duncan, J., Kastern, C., Francis, J. & Hoffman, L.C. (2015). Fish species substitution and misnaming in South Africa: An economic, safety and sustainability conundrum revisited. Food Chemistry, 185, 165-181.

Geldenhuys, G., Hoffman, L.C. & Muller, N. (2015). The fatty acid, amino acid, and mineral composition of Egyptian goose meat as affected by season, gender, and portion. Poultry Science, 94, 1075-1087.

Horbańczuk, J.O., Polawska, E., Wójcik, A. & Hoffman, L.C. (2015). Influence of frozen storage on the fatty acid composition of ostrich meat enriched with linseed and rapeseed. South African Journal of Animal Science, 45(2), 129-136

Jones, M., Hoffman, L.C. & Muller, M. (2015). Effect of rooibos extract (Aspalathus linearis) on lipid and protein oxidation over time and the sensory analysis of blesbok (Damaliscus pygargus phillipsi) and springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) droëwors. Meat Science, 103, 54-60.

Kilbourne, B.M. & Hoffman, L.C. (2015). Energetic benefits and adaptations in mammalian limbs: scale effects and selective pressures. Evolution, 69, 1546-1559.

Knapp, J.L., Bridges, C.R., Krohn, J., Hoffman, L.C. & Auerswald, L. (2015). Acid base balance and changes in haemolymph properties of the South African rock lobsters, Jasus lalandii, a palinurid decapod, during chronic hypercapnia. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 461(3), 475-480.

Laubscher, L.L., Pitts, N.E., Raath, J.P. & Hoffman, L.C. (2015). Non-chemical techniques used for the capture and relocation of wildlife in South Africa. African Journal of Wildlife Research, 45(3), 275–286

Mapanda, C., Hoffman, L.C., Mellett, F.D. & Muller, N. (2015). Effect of pork rind and soy protein on polony sensory attributes. Journal of Food Processing Technology, 6(2), 417

Neethling, N.E., Hoffman, L.C., Britz, T.J. & O’Neill, B. (2015). Influence of carbon monoxide on the colour stability of defrosted yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) muscle stored under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 95(8), 1605-1612.

Nkukwana, T.T., Muchenje, V., Masika, P.J., Pieterse, E., Hoffman, L.C. & Dzama, K. (2015).  Proximate composition and variation in colour, drip loss and pH of breast meat from broilers supplemented with Moringa oleifera leaf meal over time. Animal Production Science.

North, M. K., Frylinck, L., & Hoffman, L. C. (2015). The physical and biochemical changes in springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) Longissimus thoracis et lumborum and Biceps femoris muscle during ageing. Meat Sciences.  110, 145-152.

North, M.K. & Hoffman, L.C. (2015). Changes in springbok (Antidorcus marsupilais) longissumus thoracis et lumborum muscle during conditioning as assessed by a trained sensory panel. Meat Sciences.  108, 1-8.

O’Neill, B., Le Roux, A. & Hoffman, L.C. (2015). Comparative study of the nutritional composition of wild versus farmed yellowtail (Seriola lalandi). Aquaculture, 448, 169-175.

2014

Brand, T.S., Carstens, P.D. & Hoffman, L.C. (2014). The effect of dietary energy concentrations on production variables of ostrich chicks (Struthio camelus var. domesticus). British Poultry Science 55, 610-518.

Brand, T.S., Tesselaar, G.A., Hoffman, L.C. & Brand, Z. (2014). The effect of different dietary vitamin and mineral levels on certain production parameters, including egg shell characteristics of breeding ostriches. South African Journal of Animal Science, 4(5), S51-S55

Carstens, P.D., Sharifi, A.R., Brand, T.S. & Hoffman, L.C. (2014). The growth response of ostrich (Struthio camelus var. domesticus) chicks fed on diets with three different dietary protein and amino acid concentrations. British Poultry Science, 55, 510-517.

Cawthorn, D.-M. & Hoffman, L.C. (2014). The role of traditional and non-traditional meat animals in feeding a growing and evolving world. Animal Frontiers, 4(4), 6-12.

Geldenhuys, G., Hoffman, L.C. & Muller, M. (2014). Sensory profiling of Egyptian goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus) meat. Food Research International, 64, 25-33.

Hoffman, L.C., Jones, M., Muller, N.M., Joubert, E., & Sadie A. (2014). Lipid and protein stability and sensory evaluation of Ostrich (Struthio camelus) droëwors with the addition of rooibos tea extract (Aspalathus linearis) as a natural antioxidant. Meat Science, 96, 1289-1296.

Neethling, J., Britz, T.J. & Hoffman, L.C. (2014). Impact of season on the fatty acid composition of male and female blesbok (Damaliscus pygargus phillipsi) muscles. Meat Science, 98, 599-606.

Neethling, J., Hoffman, L.C. & Britz, T.J. (2014). Impact of season on the chemical composition of male and female blesbok (Damaliscus pygargus phillipsi) muscles. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 94, 424-431.

Nkukwana, T.T., Muchenje, V., Masika, P.J., Hoffman, L.C. & Dzama, K. (2014). The effect of Moringa oleifera leaf meal supplementation on tibia strength morphology and inorganic content of broiler chickens. South African Journal of Animal Science, 44, 228-239.

Nkukwana, T.T., Muchenje, V., Masika, P.J., Hoffman, L.C., Dzama, K. & Descalzo, A.M. (2014). Fatty acid composition and oxidative stability of breast meat from broiler chickens supplemented with Moringa oleifera leaf meal over a period of refrigeration. Food Chemistry, 142, 255-261.

Nkukwana, T.T., Muchenje, V., Pieterse, E., Masika, P.J., Mabusela, T.P., Hoffman, L.C. & Dzama, K. (2014). Effect of Moringa oleifera leaf meal on growth performance, apparent digestibility, digestive organ size and carcass yield in broiler chickens. Livestock Science, 161, 139-146.

Swanepoel, M., Leslie, A.J. & Hoffman, L.C. (2014). Carcass yield of common warthog (Phacochoerus africanus); influence of season and sex. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 44, 179-188.

Van Der Merwe, M., Hoffman, L.C., Jooste, P.J. & Calitz, F.J. (2014). The hygiene practices involved in three game meat production systems in South Africa based on environmental and other independent variables. Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology, 5, 176-182.

2013

Bosch, A.C., Sigge, G.O., Kerwath, S.E., Cawthorn, D.-M. & Hoffman, L.C. (2013). The effects of gender, size and life-cycle stage on the chemical composition of smoothound shark (Mustelus mustelus) meat. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 93, 2384-2392.

Brand, T.S., Genis, M.P., Hoffman, L.C., Van de Vyver, W.F.J., Swart, R. & Jordaan, G.F. (2013). The effect of dietary energy and the inclusion of a β-adrenergic agonist in the diet on the meat quality of feedlot lambs. South African Journal of Animal Science, 43, S140-S145.

Brand, T.S., Genis, M.P., Hoffman, L.C., Van de Vyver, W.F.J., Van der Walt, C. & Jordaan, G.F. (2013). Effects of dietary energy content and provision of β-adrenergic agonist on the production of feedlot lambs. South African Journal of Animal Science, 43, S135-S139.

Burger, A., Hoffman, L.C., Cloete, J.J.E., Muller, M. & Cloete, S.W.P. (2013). Carcass composition of Namaqua Afrikaner, Dorper and SA Mutton Merino ram lambs reared under extensive conditions. South African Journal of Animal Science, 43, S27-S32.

Cawthorn, D.-M., Steinman, H.A. & Hoffman, L.C. (2013). A high incidence of species substitution and mislabelling detected in meat products sold in South Africa. Food Control, 32, 440-449.

Cloete, J.J.E., Cloete, S.W.P., Scholtz, A.J. & Hoffman, L.C. (2013). Behaviour response of Namaqua Afrikaner, Dorper and South African Mutton Merino lambs towards humans. South African Journal of Animal Science, 43, S116-S120.

Cullere, M., Hoffman, L.C. & Dalle Zotte, A. (2013). First evaluation of unfermented and fermented rooibos (Aspalathus linearis) in preventing lipid oxidation in meat products. Meat Science, 95, 72-77.

Dalle Zotte, A., Brand, T.S., Hoffman, L.C., Schoon, K., Cullere, M. & Swart, R. (2013). Effect of cottonseed oilcake inclusion on ostrich growth performance and meat chemical composition. Meat Science, 93, 194–200.

Geldenhuys, G., Hoffman, L.C. & Muller, N. (2013). Gamebirds: A sustainable food source in Southern Africa? Journal of Food Security, 5, 235-249.

Geldenhuys, G., Hoffman, L.C. & Muller, N. (2013). Aspects of the nutritional value of cooked Egyptian goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus) meat compared with other well-known fowl species. Poultry Science, 92, 3050-3059.

Geldenhuys, G., Hoffman, L.C. & Muller, N. (2013). The effect of season, sex, and portion on the carcass characteristics, pH, color, and proximate composition of Egyptian Goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus) meat. Poultry Science, 92, 3283-3291.

Henning, S.S., Hoffman, L.C. & Manley, M. (2013). A review of Kudoa-induced myoliquefaction of marine fish species in South Africa and other countries. South African Journal of Science, 109.

Hoffman, L.C. & Cawthorn, D. (2013). Exotic protein sources to meet all needs. Meat Science, 95, 764-771.

Hoffman, L.C., Laubscher, L.L. & Leisegang, K. (2013). Nutritional value of cooked offal derived from free-range rams reared in South Africa. Meat Science, 93, 696-702.

Horbańczuk, J.O., Poławska, E., Wójcik, A. & Hoffman, L.C. Influence of frozen storage on the fatty acid composition of ostrich meat enriched with linseed and rapeseed. SAJAS, 45(2), 129-136.

Kilbourne, B.M. & Hoffman, L.C. (2013). Scale effects between body size and limb design in quadrupedal mammals. PLoS ONE, 8, e78392.

Magwedere, K., Shilangale, R., Mbulu, R.S., Hemberger, H.Y., Khaiseb, S., Hoffman, L.C. & Dziva, F. (2013). Microbiological quality and potential public health risks of export meat from springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) in Namibia. Meat Science, 93, 73-78.

Magwedere, K., Shimwino, J., Hemberger, Y., Hoffman, L.C., Midzi, E.M. & Dziva, F. (2013). Lead and cadmium levels in liver, kidney and muscle of harvested wild springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) under extensive management in southern and south eastern Namibia: Research article. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 43, 52-60.

Magwedere, K., Sithole, F., Hoffman, L.C., Hemberger, Y.M. & Dziva, F. (2013). Investigating the contributing factors to postmortem pH changes in springbok, eland, red hartebeest and kudu edible offal. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, 84, 1-7.

Matthee, S., Swanepoel, M., Van der Mescht, L., Leslie, A.J. & Hoffman, L.C. (2013). Ectoparasites of a non-indigenous warthog population, Phacochoerus africanus, in the Free State Province, South Africa. African Zoology, 48, 259-265.

Pieterse, E., Pretorius, Q., Hoffman, L.C. & Drew, D.W. (2013). The carcass quality, meat quality and sensory characteristics of broilers raised on diets containing either Musca domestica larvae meal, fish meal or soya bean meal as the main protein source. Animal Production Science, 54, 622-628.

Poławska, E., Horbańczuk, J.O., Pierzchała, M., Strzałkowska, N., Jóźwik, A., Wójcik, A., Pomianowski, J., Gutkowska, K., Wierzbicka, A. & Hoffman, L.C. (2013). Effect of dietary linseed and rapeseed supplementation on fatty acid profiles in the ostrich. Part 1. Muscles. Animal Science Papers and Reports, 31, 239-248.

Poławska, E., Jóźwik, A., Wójcik, A., Strzałkowska, N., Pierzchała, M., Tolik, D., Póltorak, A. & Hoffman, L.C. (2013). Effect of dietary linseed and rapeseed supplementation on fatty acids profiles in the ostriches. Part 2. Fat. Animal Science Papers and Reports, 31, 347-354.

Van der Merwe, M., Hoffman, L.C., Jooste, P.J. & Calitz, F.J. (2013). The hygiene practices of three systems of game meat production in South Africa in terms of animal class and health compliance. Meat Science, 94, 145-152.

Van der Merwe, M., Jooste, P.J., Hoffman, L.C. & Calitz, F.J. (2013). Two sampling techniques for game meat. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, 84.

Wapi, C., Nkukwana, T.T., Hoffman, L.C., Dzama, K., Pieterse, E., Mabusela, T. & Muchenje, V. (2013). Physico-chemical shelf-life indicators of meat from broilers given Moringa oleifera leaf meal. South African Journal of Animal Science, 43, S43-S47.

Books and chapters

2017

Gouws, P.A., Germishuys, Z. & Hoffman, L.C. (2017). Determination of the microbial population of blesbok (Damaliscus pygargus phillipsi) meat in South Africa. In: Game Meat Hygiene (edited by P. Paulsen, A. Bauer & F.J.M. Smulders). Pp. 235-240. Wageningen Academic publishers. ISBN 978-90-8686-295-5

Gouws, P.A., Shange, N. & Hoffman, L.C. (2017). Microbial quality of springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) meat in relation to harvesting and production process. In: Game Meat Hygiene (edited by P. Paulsen, A. Bauer & F.J.M. Smulders). Pp. 223-228. Wageningen Academic publishers. ISBN 978-90-8686-295-5

Gouws, P.A., Shange, N. & Hoffman, L.C. (2017). The microbial quality of black wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) carcasses processed in a South African abattoir. In: Game Meat Hygiene (edited by P. Paulsen, A. Bauer & F.J.M. Smulders). Pp. 229-234. Wageningen Academic publishers. ISBN 978-90-8686-295-5

Hoffman, L.C., Swanepoel, M. & Leslie, A.J. (2017). African game meat and the safety pertaining to free-ranging wildlife: Example of a wild suid in South Africa. In: Game Meat Hygiene (edited by P. Paulsen, A. Bauer & F.J.M. Smulders). Pp. 17-50. Wageningen Academic publishers. ISBN 978-90-8686-295-5

2016

Hoffman, L.C. & Cawthorn, D. (2014). Meat, Animal, Poultry and Fish Production and Management: Exotic and other Species. In: Encyclopedia of Meat Sciences (edited by C. Devine & M. Dikeman), Second Edition, Vol 2. Pp. 190-198. Oxford: Elsevier.

Van Schalkwyk, D.L. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). Guidelines for the Harvesting & Processing of Wild Game in Namibia. Agripublishers. ISBN: 978-99945-60-10-3.

2014

Fisher, P. & Hoffman, L. (2014). Pre-slaughter handling and the effect on meat quality. In: Modern Pig Production (edited by D. Visser), First Edition. Pp. 429-435. Singapore: Kejafa Knowledge Words Publisher.

Hoffman, L.C. & Cawthorn, D. (2014). Meat, Animal, Poultry and Fish Production and Management: Exotic and other Species. In: Encyclopedia of Meat Sciences (edited by C. Devine & M. Dikeman), Second Edition, Vol 2. Pp. 190-198. Oxford: Elsevier.

Hoffman, L.C. & Cawthorn, D. (2014). Species of Meat Animals: Game and Exotic Animals.  In: Encyclopedia of Meat Sciences (edited by C. Devine & M. Dikeman), Second Edition, Vol 3. Pp. 345-356. Oxford: Elsevier.

Papers presented at International Symposia

2017

Needham, T., Lambrechts, H., Hoffman, L.C. (2017). Influence of immunocastration on cutting yield, fatness and meat quality of lamb carcasses. 63rd International Congress of Meat Science and Technology. 13-18 August 2017. Cork, Ireland. 

2016

Jones, M., Arnaud, E., Gouws, P., Hoffman, L.C. (2016). Effects of the addition of vinegar and degree of drying on the physicochemical properties of traditional South African Biltong. 62nd International Congress of Meat Science and Technology. 14-19 August 2016. Bangkok, Thailand.

North, M.K., Nkhabutlane, P. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). The effect of age and breed on carcass composition and portion yield in rabbits. 11th World Rabbit Congress. 15-18 June 2016. Qingdao, China (Poster presentation).

2015

Brand, T.S., van der Merwe, D.A., Hoffman, L.C. & Raffrenato, E. (2015). Preliminary results on the feedlot performance of South African Boer goats. American Society of Animal Science Congress. 12-16 July 2015 (Poster presentation).

Hoffman, L.C. (2015). Can an intergrated livestock wildlife production system be the answer to food security in Africa? Joint Midwest meeting of the American Dairy Science Association and American Society of Animal Science. 16-18 March 2015. Des Moines, Iowa, USA.

Jones, M., Arnaud, E., Collignan, A., Gouws, P., Atheaux, G., & Hoffman, L. C. (2015). Effect of ultrasonic brining on the salting and drying kinetics in biltong processing. 61st International Congress of Meat Science and Technology. 23-28 August 2015. Clermont Ferrand, France.

2014

Hoffman, L.C. & Geldenhuys, G. (2014). How healthy of zebra meat? 60th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology (ICoMST).  17-22 August 2014.  Punta Del Este, Uruguay.  (Poster presentation).

Geldenhuys, G., Hoffman, L.C. & Muller, N. (2014). Histological characterization of the fibre types in the M. pectoralis of Egyptian geese: A southern African wildfowl species. 60th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology (ICoMST).  17-22 August 2014.  Punta Del Este, Uruguay.  (Poster presentation).

Shange, N., Hoffman, L.C & Gouws, P. (2014).  Microbial quality of Springbok meat in relation to harvesting and production process in South Africa.  Food Micro 2014, 24st International ICFMH conference, Nantes France.

2013

Hoffman, L.C. (2013). Producing game meat to meet international hygiene and food safety requirements in the bush. American Meat Science Association’s 66th Reciprocal Meat Conference (Meat Matters). 16-19 June 2013. Auburn, Alabama. (Keynote presentation).

Hoffman, L.C. (2013). Exotic protein sources to meet all needs. 59th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology (ICoMST).  18-23 August 2013.  Izmir, Turkey.  (Keynote presentation).

Geldenhuys, G., Hoffman, L.C. & Muller, N. (2013). Effect of season, gender and portion on the yield, pH, colour and proximate characteristics of Egyptian goose meat. 59th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology (ICoMST).  18-23 August 2013.  Izmir, Turkey.  (Paper presentation).

Neethling, J., Hoffman, L.C. & Britz, T.J. (2013). Mineral distribution in the muscles of free-ranging ruminants. 59th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology (ICoMST).  18-23 August 2013.  Izmir, Turkey.  (Poster presentation).

Neethling, N.E., Hoffman, L.C. & Britz, T.J. (2013). An investigation regarding the use of carbon monoxide for colour stability and inhibition of lipid and protein oxidation in meat. 59th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology (ICoMST).  18-23 August 2013.  Izmir, Turkey.  (Poster presentation).

Hoffman, L.C. (2013). My responsibility to ensure a sustainable industry. Livestock Producers Organisation Outlook Conference (Cornerstoning for growth). 9 October 2013. Safari Hotel, Windhoek. (Paper presentation).

Engelbrecht, A., Cloete, S.W.P., Bunter, K.L., van Wyk, J.B. & Hoffman, L.C. (2013). Genetic parameters for slaughter and meat traits in ostriches. 20th Conference of the association for the advancement of animal breeding and genetics (Translating science into action). 20-23 October 2013. Napier, New Zealand. (Poster presentation).

Papers presented at National Symposia

2016

North, M.K. & Hoffman, L.C. (2016). Ageing springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) meat – changes in texture and the mechanisms involved. 49th South African Society for Animal Science Congress. 3-6 July 2016. Stellenbosch, South Africa (Paper presented).

Van der Merwe, D.A., Brand, T.S., Hoffman, L.C. and Raffrenato, E. (2016). Prediction model for feedlot production of Boer goat slaughter kids. 49th South African Society of Animal Science Congress. 3-6 July 2016. Stellenbosch, South Africa (Paper presented).

2015

Van der Merwe, D.A., Brand, T.S.,  Hoffman, L.C., Raffrenato, E.  & Engelbrecht, J.A. (2015). Preliminary results on the feedlot performance of South African Boer goats. 48th South African Society of Animal Science Congress. 21-23 September 2015. Empangeni, KwaZulu-Natal (Poster presented).

2014

Bosch, A.C., Sigge, G.O., Kerwath, S.E. & Hoffman, L.C. (2014). Evaluation of mercury accumulation in Yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) muscle with regards to muscle type and muscle position. 15th Southern African Marine Science Symposium (SAMSS).  15-18 July 2014. Konservatorium Building, Department of Music, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa (Paper presented).

Hoffman, L.C., Burger, A., Cloete, J.J.E., Muller, M. & Cloete, S.W.P. (2014). Comparison of the sensory profile of Namaqua Afrikaner, Dorper and Namaqua Afrikaner x Dorper lambs reared under extensive conditions. 47th National Congress of the South African Society of Animal Science (SASAS).  6-8 July 2014. Sanlam Auditorium, University of Pretoria, South Africa. (Paper presented).

Jama, N., Maphosa, V., Hoffman, L.C. & Muchenje, V. (2014). Effect of gender and lairage on the activity of cortisol and creatine kinase and pork quality. 47th National Congress of the South African Society of Animal Science (SASAS).  6-8 July 2014. Sanlam Auditorium, University of Pretoria, South Africa. (Paper presented).

Knapp, J.L., Bridges, C., Krohn, J., Hoffman, L.C. & Auerswald, L. (2014). Short-term response mechanisms of the West coast rock lobster (J. lalandii) to decreased seawater pH. 15th Southern African Marine Science Symposium (SAMSS).  15-18 July 2014. Konservatorium Building, Department of Music, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa. (Paper presented)

Matjila, S.A.M., Hoffman, L.C., Jacobs, K., Kerwath, S. & O’Neill, B. (2014). Contamination of Cape snoek (Thyrsites atun) during capture and on-board storage. 15th Southern African Marine Science Symposium (SAMSS).  15-18 July 2014. Konservatorium Building, Department of Music, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa (Poster presented).

Tesselaar, G.A., Brand, T.S., Hoffman, L.C. & Brand, Z. (2014). Preliminary results of the effect of different dietary energy levels on the production parameters of breeding ostriches. 47th National Congress of the South African Society of Animal Science (SASAS).  6-8 July 2014. Sanlam Auditorium, University of Pretoria, South Africa. (Paper presented).

Teuchert, N., Pieterse, E. & Hoffman, L.C. (2014). Comparison of production parameters, organ weights, and bone strength of broilers supplemented with Ateli plus®. 47th National Congress of the South African Society of Animal Science (SASAS).  6-8 July 2014. Sanlam Auditorium, University of Pretoria, South Africa. (Poster presented).

Uushona, T., Pieterse, E. & Hoffman, L.C. (2014). Effect of Hermetia illucens pre-pupae meal on production parameters of broiler chickens. 47th National Congress of the South African Society of Animal Science (SASAS).  6-8 July 2014. Sanlam Auditorium, University of Pretoria, South Africa. (Paper presented).

Van Der Merwe, D.A., Brand, T.S., Van Der Westhuizen, E.J. & Hoffman, L.C. (2014). Analysis of carcass characteristics and fat deposition of Merino, South African Mutton Merino and Dorper lambs housed in a feedlot. 47th National Congress of the South African Society of Animal Science (SASAS).  6-8 July 2014. Sanlam Auditorium, University of Pretoria, South Africa. (Poster presented).

Van Der Merwe, D.A., Brand, T.S., Van Der Westhuizen, E.J. & Hoffman, L.C. (2014). Comparative analysis of growth performance of Merino, South African Mutton Merino and Dorper lambs under feedlot conditions. 47th National Congress of the South African Society of Animal Science (SASAS).  6-8 July 2014. Sanlam Auditorium, University of Pretoria, South Africa. (Poster presented).

Van Emmenes, L., Pieterse, E. & Hoffman, L.C. (2014). Evaluation of commercial phytase supplementation on performance, bone mineralisation and water intake of broilers. 47th National Congress of the South African Society of Animal Science (SASAS).  6-8 July 2014. Sanlam Auditorium, University of Pretoria, South Africa. (Poster presented).

2013

Carstens, P.D., Brand, T.S. & Hoffman, L.C. (2013).  The effect of dietary energy concentrations on production parameters of growing ostrich chicks (Struthio camelus var. domesticus). 46th National Congress of the South African Society of Animal Science (SASAS).  23-26 June 2013.  Odeion, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein. (Paper presented).

Carstens, P.D., Brand, T.S. & Hoffman, L.C. (2013). The effect of dietary protein and amino acid concentration on certain production parameters of growing ostrich chicks (Struthio camelus var. domesticus). 46th National Congress of the South African Society of Animal Science (SASAS).  23-26 June 2013.  Odeion, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein. (Paper presented).

Nkukwana, T.T., Muchenje, V., Pieterse, E., Masika, P.J., Mabusela, T.P., Hoffman, L.C. & Dzama, K. (2013). Effect of Moringa oleifera leaf meal on growth performance, digestive organ size and carcass yield in broiler chickens. 46th National Congress of the South African Society of Animal Science (SASAS).  23-26 June 2013.  Odeion, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein. (Paper presented).

Nkukwana, T.T., Muchenje, V., Masika, P.J., Hoffman, L.C. & Dzama, K. (2013). Effect of Moringa oleifera leaf meal on bone breaking strength, tibia morphology and inorganic content of broiler chickens. 46th National Congress of the South African Society of Animal Science (SASAS).  23-26 June 2013.  Odeion, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein. (Paper presented).

Nkukwana, T.T., Muchenje, V., Masika, P.J., Hoffman, L.C., Mushonga, B. & Dzama, K. (2013). Intestinal morphology and digester pH of broilers chickens fed diets supplemented with or without Moringa oleifera leaf meal. 46th National Congress of the South African Society of Animal Science (SASAS).  23-26 June 2013.  Odeion, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein. (Paper presented).

Tesselaar, G.A., Brand, T.S., Hoffman, L.C., Brand, Z. & Phister, B. (2013). Preliminary results on the effect of the addition of different dietary vitamin and mineral levels on production parameters and egg shell characteristics of breeding ostriches. 46th National Congress of the South African Society of Animal Science (SASAS).  23-26 June 2013.  Odeion, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein. (Paper presented).

Genis, M.P., Brand, T.S. & Hoffman, L.C. (2013). The effect of dietary energy and the use of a β-agonist on the sensory, physical and chemical characteristics of the meat of South African Mutton Merino feedlot lambs. 46th National Congress of the South African Society of Animal Science (SASAS).  23-26 June 2013.  Odeion, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein. (Paper presented).

Engelbrecht, A., Cloete, S.W.P., Bunter, K.L., Van Wyk, J.B. & Hoffman, L.C. (2013). Genetic parameters for ostrich meat traits. 46th National Congress of the South African Society of Animal Science (SASAS).  23-26 June 2013.  Odeion, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein. (Paper presented).

In press

Cawthorn, D.-M. & Hoffman, L.C. (in press). The bushmeat and food security nexus: A global account of the contributions, conundrums and ethical collisions. Food Research International. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodres.2015.03.025

Jones, M., Hoffman, L.C. & Muller, M. (accepted). Oxidative stability of blesbok, springbok and fallow deer droëwors with added rooibos extract. South African Journal of Science.

Laubscher, L.L., Hoffman, L.C., Pitts, N.I. & Raath, J.P. (accepted). Validating a human biotelemetry system for use in captive blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus). Zoo Biology. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/zoo.21222.

Mapiye, C., Vahmani, P., Mlambo, Muchenje, V., Dzama, K., Hoffman, L.C. & Dugan, M.E.R. (in press).  The trans-octadecenoic fatty acid profile of beef:Implications for global food and nutrition security. Food Research International. doi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2015.05.001

Nantapo, C.W.T., Muchenje, V., Nkukwana, T.T., Hugo, A., Descalzo, A., Grigioni, G. & Hoffman, L.C. (in press). Soci-economic dynamics and innovative technologies affecting health-related lipid content in diets: Implications on global food and nutrition security. Food Research International. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodres.2015.03.025

North, M.A. Lane, E.P., Marnewick, K., Caldwell, P., Carlisle, G. & Hoffman, L.C. (accepted). Dietary lead poisoning in captive cheetah in South Africa: two case studies (2008 – 2013). Journal of the South African Veterinary Association.