The Department of Psychiatry and the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences of Stellenbosch University wish to express our heartfelt sympathy to the families of the people who lost their lives as a result of the hasty and ill-considered discharge of mental health care users from Life Esidimeni mental health care facilities in Gauteng as well as our outrage at the callous disregard of these individuals’ basic human rights which appears to have characterised the entire enterprise. We also wish to acknowledge the Honourable Minister of Health, Dr Aaron Motsoaledi, and the Health Ombudsman, Professor Malegapuru Mokgoba, for their encouraging responses to this tragedy.
The de-institutionalisation process, so attractive in principle and so easy to defend in the abstract, can go catastrophically wrong if community-based resources are not in place prior to implementation. It is quite clear that the NGO’s to which the Esidimeni patients were transferred were completely lacking in the personnel, facilities and knowledge required to manage people with mental health care needs. While much progress has been made in the development of a primary care-based health system, mental health care users have been at a disadvantage from the very beginning of the project. This is partly because there is still profound ignorance among both lay people and health care professionals concerning the nature of mental illness, intellectual disability and the needs of those who live with these conditions, but also because mental health care users are frequently not in a position to know what their rights are or even comprehend adverse changes occurring in their environments. It is indeed difficult to think about the subjective experience of a confused and frightened person with few intellectual or emotional reserves facing torment and death by neglect, hunger or abuse and it should fill us all with shame and deep sadness.
Adding to the pain of this needless loss of life is the fact that the Gauteng Department of Health was warned on several occasions by experts in the field of what would happen if the Esidimeni residents were discharged without proper planning and the establishment of appropriate community-based resources. The South African Society of Psychiatrists, the Psychological Association of South Africa, the South African Depression and Anxiety Group, the South African Federation for Mental Health and others attempted to dissuade the Gauteng Health Department from pursuing this course, and even applied for a court interdict to prevent an action that was clearly going to have extremely negative consequences. Neither effort was successful.
If nations are judged on their care of the vulnerable amongst them, we have surely failed miserably and we appeal to all health authorities to make this the last incident of its kind ever to occur in our country. We support calls for accountability but would also like to see education about mental illness happening at the highest levels of decision making in every department. We appeal to those who are involved in the formulation of policies and the development of services to consult with and listen to the expertise we have in our country. The dreadful outcome of the premature transfer of mental health care users from Esidimeni facilities should never have happened and we would like to work with relevant government departments to make sure it never happens again. We also appeal to all Health Departments and health care funders to ensure that mental health care across the life span receives equitable and adequate funding and staffing at all levels. Only in this way can we prevent a recurrence of this tragedy and begin to address the many ills which plague our society, from the neglect of chronic mental health care users to the carnage of road accidents and interpersonal violence, from trauma-related impairment to educational failure and fragmented families. At national and provincial levels, both private and state funded, the mental health care system is struggling to provide even basic services to most of our population and the chronic under-resourcing of this sector should receive urgent attention.
Prof Jimmy Volmink, Dean
Prof Julia Blitz, Vice Dean: Learning and Teaching
Dr Therese Fish, Vice Dean: Clinical Services and Social Impact
Prof Nico Gey van Pittius, Vice Dean: Research
Mr Eben Mouton, Director: Business Management
Prof Hennie Botha, Executive Head of Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Prof Usuf Chikte, Acting Executive Head of Department of Global Health
Prof Wolfgang Preiser, Acting Executive Head of Department of Pathology
Prof Mariana Kruger, Executive Head of Department of Paediatrics and Child Health
Prof Andrew Levin, Executive Head of Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care
Prof Rafique Moosa, Executive Head of Department of Medicine
Prof Richard Pitcher, Executive Head of Department of Medical Imaging &Clinical Oncology
Prof Soraya Seedat, Executive Head of Department of Psychiatry
Prof Anita van der Merwe, Executive Head of Department of Nursing and MidwiferyProf Gerhard Walzl, Executive Head of Department of Biomedical Sciences