Caroline Wallington

PhD Sustainable Development

Supervisors: Prof. Reinette (Oonsie) Biggs

Field of research

  • Dynamics of sustainability transitions in complex systems
  • Regime shifts in social-ecological systems
  • Ecosystem services, human wellbeing and the SDGs


Caroline is a vibrant and passionate systems ecologist and environmental scientist with both academic training and practical experience. She has a B.Sc. Honours Degree in Botany (UCT), an M.Sc. Degree in Environmental Science with Distinction (Wits) and is a SACNASP registered Professional Natural Scientist in Ecological Science.

In addition to her research and academic career, she has over six years’ experience in the Environmental Impact Assessment industry where she specialised in wetland ecology, biodiversity management and land rehabilitation. However, the teams she worked with were inter-disciplinary in assessing the social, economic and environmental aspects and impacts of projects such as rural developments, large scale mining, rehabilitation and conservation initiatives.  She has gained an understanding of the deep complexity around sustainable development within an African context and therefore has become particularly passionate about social-ecological systems, resilience and complexity thinking for managing and conserving our natural and cultural worlds.