Excess vehicles and traffic congestion on campus result in very high levels of harmful carbon dioxide gases. In response, the University developed an overarching Mobility Plan, which encourages students and staff to use car pools or public transport to travel to parking areas just outside campus, from where they can travel to campus on foot, by bicycle or via shuttle buses. Students and staff can rent special Matie bicycles from the University to use on campus.

Owl nest boxes are installed on campus in conjunction with the local stakeholders to attract owls to the area, thereby helping to control the rodent population.

Birds of prey, bird nets and ultrasonic devices are used for the effective control of other harmful bird species on campus.

The rehabilitation of roads and eroded areas on the mountain areas surrounding Stellenbosch allows rain water to be channelled into dams. Old trees and branches in eucalyptus plantations are thinned out and used for the restoration of hiking trails and mountain bike routes. The conservation of the mountain area is managed in conjunction with the Department of Forestry and Wood Science.

Special tree-planting initiatives are implemented from time to time.