This thematic area addresses the critical human resource challenges of the broader South African and African science systems. Working across scientific fields, types of institutions, researcher demographics and time periods, a range of broad research questions are addressed, such as:

Are we producing enough scientists and academics for future science production and the expansion of the science system in South Africa (SA) and on the continent?

Are we transforming the active human-resource base so as to ensure a more inclusive human-resource capability in SA?

What are the trends in the production of postgraduate students (the university pipeline) and how can we optimally model and understand these trends?

What are the migration and mobility trends of African scientists?

Recognising the crucial importance of adequate human resources for economic development in the country, this research theme also considers the challenges of producing enough of the right type of skills needed by South African industry.